Immigrant Families Research

Resources on this page include the latest research findings related to the immigration system and policies with a lens toward child welfare from leading immigration scholars.

How Systemic Inequities in Language Access are Impacting Asian, Pacific Islander, and African Immigrant and Refugee Communities During the Pandemic

By | Child Well-Being, Culture: Issues and Competencies, Immigrant Families Research, Language Issues, Research Highlight

How Systemic Inequities in Language Access are Impacting Asian, Pacific Islander, and African Immigrant and Refugee Communities During the Pandemic

 Derek Lin, MPH, Research and Policy Analyst, New Mexico Voices for Children and Judy Barnstone, Ph.D., Associate Professor, New Mexico Highlands University (August 2021)

This report documents the findings of a mixed-method study exploring language access-related challenges experienced by refugee and immigrant communities in New Mexico during the pandemic.

Latino Child Poverty Rose During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Especially Among Children in Immigrant Families

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Research Highlight

Latino Child Poverty Rose During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Especially Among Children in Immigrant Families

Lina Guzman & Yiyu Chen, National Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families (August 3, 2021)

This data snapshot, from a larger series documenting Latino families’ experiences during and after the pandemic, indicates that the pandemic’s economic toll impacted Latino children in immigrant families particularly heavily.

Mississippi ICE Raids Two Years Later: Increased Strains and Shrinking Hope

By | Deportation, Family Separation, ICE, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research Highlight

Mississippi ICE Raids Two Years Later: Increased Strains and Shrinking Hope

Mississippi Center for Justice (August 6, 2021)

This report reviews the lasting impacts and problems 2 years after the 2019 ICE raids in Mississippi and provides recommendations for a path forward. Read previous report here too.

Promoting the Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Public Charge, Research Highlight

Promoting the Health and Well-Being of Children in Immigrant Families: Proceedings of a Workshop in Brief

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2021)

This brief reviews topics addressed during a workshop on immigrant families’ access to U.S. social programs and the implications for children’s mental, emotional, behavioral, and physical well-being.

“It felt like my son had died”: Zero tolerance and the trauma of family separation

By | Child Well-Being, Family Separation, Foster Care, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research Highlight, Trauma

“It felt like my son had died”: Zero tolerance and the trauma of family separation

Óscar F. Gil-García, Francesca Bové, Luz Velazquez,  Sarah Vener & Alexandra Miranda; Latino Studies (May 3, 2021)

This research documents the traumatic impacts of family separation under the Trump administration’s zero-tolerance policy.

New Data Reveal Stark Decreases in SNAP Participation Among U.S. Citizen Children Living With a Non-Citizen

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Research Highlight

New Data Reveal Stark Decreases in SNAP Participation Among U.S. Citizen Children Living With a Non-Citizen

Food Research & Action Center (May 2021)

This new analysis of the latest U.S. Department of Agriculture Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Quality Control data found that SNAP participation dropped by 22.5% (718,000+ children) among U.S. citizen children in households with a non-citizen.

Asian Immigrant Experiences with Racism, Immigration-Related Fears, and the COVID-19 Pandemic

By | Culture: Issues and Competencies, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research Highlight

Asian Immigrant Experiences with Racism, Immigration-Related Fears, and the COVID-19 Pandemic

Samantha Artiga, Latoya Hill, Bradley Corallo, and Jennifer Tolbert; Kaiser Family Foundation (June 18, 2021)

This reports details the recent experiences of racism and discrimination, immigration-related fears, and impacts of the pandemic among Asian immigrant patients at four community health centers in Alameda County, CA; San Francisco, CA; Houston, TX; and King County, WA.

Borders, Immigrants & Health

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Public Charge, Trauma

Borders, Immigrants & Health

Health Affairs (July 2021)

This issue of Health Affairs contains various research articles, datagraphics, analyses and commentaries on the intersection of immigration and health issues, including topics such as public charge, sanctuary policy, insurance coverage and how they impact immigrant children and families.

Documentation status socialization among Latinx immigrant parents

By | Culture: Issues and Competencies, Immigrant Families Research, Parenting, Research Highlight

Documentation status socialization among Latinx immigrant parents

Fernanda L Cross, Saraí Blanco Martinez, Deborah Rivas-Drake; New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development (May 25, 2021)

This study explored the ethnic-racial socialization practices among Latinx immigrant families in the U.S., including documentation status socialization, to better understand the types of messages parents share with their children related to the causes and potential impacts of their documentation status.

‘A place where my children could learn to read, write, and play’: The search for early care and education among undocumented Central American immigrant mothers

By | Child Well-Being, Early Childhood, Immigrant Families Research, Parenting, Research Highlight

‘A place where my children could learn to read, write, and play’: The search for early care and education among undocumented Central American immigrant mothers 

Colleen K.Vesely, Elizabeth K.DeMulder, Amber B. Sansbury, Elizabeth F. Davis, Bethany L. Letiecq, Isabella Willard, Rachael D. Goodman, and Amigas de la Comunidad; Early Childhood Research Quarterly (May 2021)

Getting Back on Track: A Detailed Look at Health Coverage Trends for Latino Children

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Public Charge, Research Highlight

Getting Back on Track: A Detailed Look at Health Coverage Trends for Latino Children

Kelly WhitenerAlexandra Corcoran; Center for Children & Families of the Georgetown University Health Policy Institute (June 8, 2021)

This report reveals trends in healthcare coverage for Latino children in recent years, including the “chilling effects” of the Trump administration and its public charge rule, and provides recommendations for the federal and state/local levels to improve coverage for this vulnerable population.

Immigration Enforcement Fear and Anxiety in Latinx High School Students: The Indirect Effect of Perceived Discrimination

By | Child Well-Being, Culture: Issues and Competencies, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research Highlight, Trauma

Immigration Enforcement Fear and Anxiety in Latinx High School Students: The Indirect Effect of Perceived Discrimination

Jodi Berger Cardoso, Kalina Brabeck, Randy Capps, Tzuan Chen, Natalia Giraldo-Santiago, Anjely Huertas, and Nubia A. Mayorga; Journal of Adolescent Health (August 20, 2020)

This study explored the impacts of immigration enforcement on fear and anxiety among Latinx high school student and the role of perceived discrimination in this association.

Adults in Low-Income Immigrant Families Were Deeply Affected by the COVID-19 Crisis yet Avoided Safety Net Programs in 2020

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Public Charge, Research, Research Highlight

Adults in Low-Income Immigrant Families Were Deeply Affected by the COVID-19 Crisis yet Avoided Safety Net Programs in 2020

Hamutal Bernstein, Dulce Gonzalez, and Michael Karpman; Urban Institute (May 2021)

This research explores the persistent chilling effects on benefits program use during the pandemic, particularly among low-income immigrant families who live below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.

Many Immigrant Families with Children Continued to Avoid Public Benefits in 2020, Despite Facing Hardships

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Public Charge, Research, Research Highlight

Many Immigrant Families with Children Continued to Avoid Public Benefits in 2020, Despite Facing Hardships

Jennifer M. Haley, Genevieve M. Kenney, Hamutal Bernstein, and Dulce Gonzalez; Urban Institute (May 2021)

This research explores the many hardships, financial concerns, and chilling effects experienced by immigrant families with children during 2020. Researchers found that 20% of immigrant families avoided public benefits due to immigration-related concerns.

Immigrants and U.S.-Born Parents of Young and Elementary-School-Age Children in the United States

By | Child Well-Being, Early Childhood, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight

Immigrants and U.S.-Born Parents of Young and Elementary-School-Age Children in the United States

Jacob Hofstetter and Margie McHugh, Migration Policy Institute (April 2021)

The U.S. fact sheet provided by the Migration Policy Institute, examine the main sociodemographic features of immigrant and native-born parents with the intention of gaining more knowledge about how to create more equitable ways of integrating the needs of immigrant families in the United States with a focus on early childhood, health and social services, and the education systems.  There are also fact sheets included for each state. The webinar link highlights the data that illustrates the disparities that children in immigrant families experience in the United States.

Federal, State, and Local Immigrant-Related Policies and Child Health Outcomes: a Systematic Review

By | Child Well-Being, Early Childhood, Immigrant Families Research, Legal/Law, Research, Research Highlight, State Policies

Federal, State, and Local Immigrant-Related Policies and Child Health Outcomes: a Systematic Review

Danielle M. Crookes, Kaitlyn K. Stanhope, Ye Ji Kim, Elizabeth Lummus, & Shakira F. Suglia, Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities (February 8, 2021)

This systematic review evaluates local, state, and federal immigration related policies and the impact that these policies have on the health outcomes of children.

Barriers to Medicaid and CHIP Coverage for Eligible but Uninsured Latinx Children: A Texas Case Study

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Public Charge, Research, Research Highlight

Barriers to Medicaid and CHIP Coverage for Eligible but Uninsured Latinx Children: A Texas Case Study

Clara Alvarez Caraveo, Luis E. Basurto, Dulce Gonzalez, & Clare Pan, Urban Institute (February 2021)

This research article uses a case study focusing on Texas to explore the obstacles that exist for Latinx children that are eligible to access federal benefits but are also uninsured.

Heightened immigration enforcement impacts US citizens’ birth outcomes: Evidence from early ICE interventions in North Carolina

By | Child Well-Being, Early Childhood, Highlighted Resources, ICE, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research, Research Highlight

Heightened immigration enforcement impacts US citizens’ birth outcomes: Evidence from early ICE interventions in North Carolina 

Romina Tome, Marcos A. Rangel, Christina M. Gibson-Davis, and Laura Bellows (February 3, 2021) 

In an attempt to understand the potential impact of immigration enforcement policies, namely the implementation of Section 287(g) of the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act, researchers analyze the newborn health and prenatal service utilization of three different groups at different levels of exposure to ICE activities. Results indicate that groups with more risk of harm due to this program had lower birth weights and lowered incidents of receiving prenatal care. 

Immigrant Families during the Pandemic On the Frontlines but Left Behind

By | Deportation, Detention, Family Separation, Highlighted Resources, ICE, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Legal/Law, Public Charge, Research, Research Highlight, Topics

Immigrant Families during the Pandemic On the Frontlines but Left Behind 

Juan Carlos Gomez and Vanessa Meraz, CLASP (February 2021) 

Highlighting the unique manner in which the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted immigrants in the United States, this brief covers how this population has been left behind. The authors review how this vulnerable population’s struggles have been exacerbated by the pandemic, the policies that have prevented them from meeting their basic needs, and concludes with recommendations for how the federal government can redress their needs. 

Unseen Costs: The Direct and Indirect Impact of U.S. Immigration Policies on Child and Adolescent Health and Well-Being

By | Child Well-Being, Detention, Family Separation, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research, Research Highlight, Topics, Trauma

Unseen Costs: The Direct and Indirect Impact of U.S. Immigration Policies on Child and Adolescent Health and Well-Being

Joseph Mattingly II, Laurel Kiser, Sherika Hill, Ernestine C. Briggs, Carrie Purbeck Trunzo, Zafar Zafari, and Theresa S. Betancourt, Journal of Traumatic Stress (August 13, 2020)

Utilizing economic modeling techniques, this study examines the literal direct and indirect costs of the Zero-Tolerance Policy upon the children who were separated from their parents at the border. Estimates from the study indicate that, compared to a baseline “No Detention” scenario, zero-tolerance migration policy cost more per child and proved to be of more significant expense to our healthcare system. The authors surmise that such policy is not only morally distressing but also economically disadvantageous.