Immigrant Families Research

Resources on this page include the latest research findings related to the immigration system and policies with a lens toward child welfare from leading immigration scholars.

In High and Low Enforcement Jurisdictions Alike, Most Latino High School Students Express Fear of Deportation, with Consequences for Mental Health

By | Child Well-Being, Deportation, Detention, Family Separation, Highlighted Resources, ICE, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research, Research Highlight, Trauma

In High and Low Enforcement Jurisdictions Alike, Most Latino High School Students Express Fear of Deportation, with Consequences for Mental Health 

Randy Capps, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Kalina Brabeck, Michael Fix, and Ariel G Ruiz Soto, Migration Policy Institute (September 2020) 

The fear surrounding immigration enforcement in American communities is far-reaching. This report demonstrates the consequences of such concerns for Latino youth’s mental health while also concentrating on support factors of spirituality and family relationships as potential sources of resilience.

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The Rate of Children Without Health Insurance Is Rising, Particularly among Latino Children of Immigrant Parents and White Children

By | Child Well-Being, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight

The Rate of Children Without Health Insurance Is Rising, Particularly among Latino Children of Immigrant Parents and White Children 

Lina Guzman, Yiyu Chen, and Dana Thomson, National Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families (September 15, 2020) 

While health insurance coverage for children has expanded thanks to federal and state legislation over the past ten years, differences in access to care among non-white populations persist. In this research brief, the rate of uninsured children from 2010-2018 is compared across racial/ethnic groups and among Hispanic children with at least one US-born parent and those with only foreign-born parents.

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Dismantling and Reconstructing the U.S. Immigration System: A Catalog of Changes under the Trump Presidency

By | Deportation, Detention, Family Separation, ICE, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Immigration Relief, Legal/Law, Public Charge, Research, Research Highlight

Dismantling and Reconstructing the U.S. Immigration System: A Catalog of Changes under the Trump Presidency

Sarah Pierce and Jessica Bolter, Migration Policy Institute (July, 2020)

Since Trump’s inauguration, over 400 policies and executive orders have been implemented targeting all levels of immigration to and within the United States. This report covers all notable changes and their long lasting effects on the immigration system.

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The Day That ICE Came: How Worksite Raids Are Once Again Harming Children and Families

By | Child Well-Being, Deportation, Family Separation, Highlighted Resources, ICE, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research, Research Highlight

The Day That ICE Came: How Worksite Raids Are Once Again Harming Children and Families

Wendy Cervantes, Rebecca Ulrich, & Vanessa Meraz, CLASP (July 13, 2020)

CLASP conducted a study at three locations where ICE worksite raids were conducted in order to evaluate the impact on immigrant children and families. Findings shows severe adverse affects on the mental health and economic well-being of children, their parents, and their communities.

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The Majority of Low-Income Hispanic and Black Households Have Little-to-No Bank Access, Complicating Access to COVID Relief Funds

By | Immigrant Families Research, Research Highlight

The Majority of Low-Income Hispanic and Black Households Have Little-to-No Bank Access, Complicating Access to COVID Relief Funds

Lina Guzman & Renee Ryberg, National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families (June 11, 2020)

According to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), 60% of low-income Hispanic and black households have very limited, if any, access to banks. This creates issues for families eligible for CARES Act stimulus checks.

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Hispanic Fathers Report Frequent Involvement in the Lives of their Children

By | Immigrant Families Research, Research Highlight

Hispanic Fathers Report Frequent Involvement in the Lives of their Children

Elizabeth Wildsmith, Elizabeth Karberg, & Brooke Whitfield, National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families (June 8th, 2020)

The National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families looked at cross-sectional data sets collected by the National Survey of Family Growth to evaluate Hispanic fathers’ involvement in their children’s lives, both U.S. born and non-U.S. born. The data showed that Hispanic fathers, regardless of where they were born, were heavily involved in their children’s lives reporting engagement, warmth, and caregiving activities.

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Do States’ Immigrant Family Policies Improve the Health of Children of Immigrants?

By | Child Well-Being, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight

Do States’ Immigrant-Friendly Policies Improve the Health of Children of Immigrants?

Heather Koball & Seth Hartig, National Center for Children in Poverty  (April, 2020)

This study investigated the impact of immigrant-friendly policies on health outcomes for children of immigrants. The study found that in states with sanctuary policies and where undocumented immigrants could access driver licenses children’s preventative health outcomes improved.

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One in Seven Adults in Immigrant Families Reported Avoiding Public Benefit Programs in 2018

By | Child Well-Being, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Research Highlight

One in Seven Adults in Immigrant Families Reported Avoiding Public Benefit Programs in 2018

Hamutal Bernstein, Dulce Gonzalez, Michael Karpman, & Stephen Zuckerman, Urban Institute (May 2019)

In this brief, we use unique data from a nationally representative, internet-based survey conducted in December 2018 to provide the first systematic evidence on the extent of chilling effects among immigrant families before release of a final public charge rule.

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Immigrant Families and Child Welfare Systems: Emerging Needs and Promising Policies

By | Child Welfare System Research, Federal Policy, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Law & Policy, Practice, Research, Social Workers, State Policy

Immigrant Families and Child Welfare Systems: Emerging Needs and Promising Policies

Mark Greenberg, Randy Capps, Andrew Kalweit, Jennifer Grishkin, and Ann Flagg, Migration Policy Institute (April 2019)

Some states and localities have developed specialized policies and practices for working with children in immigrant families, though these vary considerably. This report explores this diversity of approaches, drawing on interviews with child welfare officials from 14 states, six counties, and New York City. For each of nine key issues—ranging from agency staffing and training, to language access policies and cooperation with foreign consulates—the researchers identify a recommended approach and discuss relevant policies and practices.

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Visualizing Trends for Children of Immigrants

By | Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight, Topics, Uncategorized

Visualizing Trends for Children of Immigrants

Urban Institute (February, 2016)

This recently updated tool presents data and trends over time on children of immigrants and their parents, families, and households for states and the top 100 metropolitan areas. This information is available starting in 2006 and updated as of March 2019.

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Immigration Data Matters

By | Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight, Topics, Uncategorized

Immigration Data Matters

Jeanne Batalova, Andriy Shymonyak, and Michelle Mittelstadt, Migration Policy Institute (March 2018)
This useful online guide links users directly to the most credible, high-quality data on immigrants and immigration in the United States and internationally. The easy-to-use publication includes more than 220 data resources compiled by governmental and authoritative nongovernmental sources.

Communities in Crisis: Interior Removals and Their Human Consequences

By | Deportation, Family Separation, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research, Research Highlight, Topics

Communities in Crisis: Interior Removals and Their Human Consequences

Kino Border Initiative, The Center for Migration Studies of New York, and the Office of Justice and Ecology (November 2018)

Migrant advocacy groups at the Arizona border are seeing more immigrants being deported after spending many years living in the United States and a new survey by several faith-based groups details the hardships separated families face after a relative is deported.

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Research Estimating Impact of Proposed Public Charge Rule: What Study to Use?

By | Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Immigration Relief, Research, Research Highlight, Topics

Research Estimating Impact of Proposed Public Charge Rule: What Study to Use?

Protecting Immigrant Families (November 2018)

This document is a running summary of demographic and economic research estimating the impact of the proposed public charge rule. The document includes information on each research product’s key findings and data sources and suggests best uses for each product while describing the limitations of each research product.

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Separated Children Placed in Office of Refugee Resettlement Care

By | Family Separation, Federal Policy, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Immigrant Youth, Law & Policy, Law/Policy Highlight, Unaccompanied Minors, Unaccompanied Minors Research

Separated Children Placed in Office of Refugee Resettlement Care

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (January 2019)

In response to the potential impact of the “zero-tolerance policy” on vulnerable children and ORR operations, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) conducted this review to determine the number and status of separated children who have entered ORR care. OIG examines challenges that ORR-funded facilities have faced in reunifying separated children.

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Immigrant Communities and the Public Charge Rule

By | Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight

Immigrant Communities and the Public Charge Rule

Sarah Horton, Whitney Duncan, and Kristin Yarris, Anthropology News (October 29,2018)

This paper addresses ways in which immigrant communities have been impacted by the proposed Public Charge Rule. Different accounts are detailed in which families have made decisions to avoid the use of health care; even for children who are U.S. citizens. Anthropologists are encouraged to document these “chilling effects” and to stay alert to how public charge anxiety influences people’s engagement with local services.

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How State-level Child Care Development Fund Policies May Shape Access and Utilization among Hispanic Families

By | Early Childhood, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight, Topics, Uncategorized

How State-level Child Care Development Fund Policies May Shape Access and Utilization among Hispanic Families

Lisa Gennetian, Julia L. Mendez, and Zoelene Hill, National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families (January 2019)

This research brief draws on a newly developed framework to understand how state policy context may contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in the use of CCDF subsidies—especially the low use by eligible Hispanic families.

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The Effects of Forced Family Separation in the Rio Grande Valley: A Family Unity, Family Health Research Update

By | Child Well-Being, Deportation, Detention, Family Separation, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Research, Research Highlight, Resources, Topics

The Effects of Forced Family Separation in the Rio Grande Valley: A Family Unity, Family Health Research Update

Martha Ockenfels-Martinez, Sara Satinsky, and Jonathan Heller, Human Impact Partners & La Union del Pueblo Entero (October 2018)

This report lifts up how everyday activities, like driving, can result in severe consequences for children and families in the Valley. A minor traffic stop can snowball into the detention or deportation of a Rio Grande Valley community member. We chronicle how current practices around traffic stops, identification (ID) cards, and immigration enforcement are affecting the health and safety of the entire Rio Grande Valley.

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Applying Child Development Research to Immigration Policy

By | Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Immigration Relief, Research, Research Highlight, Resources, Topics

Applying Child Development Research to Immigration Policy

María A. Ramos-Olazagasti, National Research Center on Hispanic Children and Families (November 2018)

This brief discusses how research on child development, neuroscience, and trauma can inform federal policy regarding the treatment of children and their families arriving at our nation’s border.

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State Immigration Enforcement Policies

By | Deportation, Detention, Highlighted Resources, Immigrant Families Research, Immigration Enforcement, Research, Research Highlight, Resources, Topics

State Immigration Enforcement Policies

Julia Gelatt, Heather Koball, Hamutal Bernstein, Carmaine Runes, Eleanor Pratt, Urban Institute & National Center for Children in Poverty (May 2017)

This report from Urban Institute and the National Center for Children in Poverty found that expanding state immigration enforcement policies increased material hardship (such as eviction or difficulty paying for basic household expenses) in immigrant households with children. Although the policies target unauthorized immigrant populations, lawful immigrant households also experienced more material hardship in states with expanded enforcement, suggesting a broader climate of fear created by such policies.

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